Tiberius Giulio Abdes Pantera (in Latin, Tiberius Iulius Abdes Panthera or Pantera, Sidon, 22 BC – Bingium, AD 40) was a Roman military of Phoenician origin whose tomb was found in the 19th century century near actual Bingerbrück.
The historian James Tabor identified in a controversial hypothesis this legionary with a Roman soldier called Pantera, who, according to ancient Greek-Roman philosopher Celsus, would have been the natural father of Jesus Christ, also cited in some source Jewish anti-Christian, contained in the Talmud, such as Toledot Jeshu:
“Being born from a virgin, you have invented it [Jesus]. You were born in a village in Judea by a local woman, a poor day spinner. This was dismissed by her husband, a carpenter’s profession, for proven adultery. Resented by her husband and reduced to an ignominious wandering, clandestinely got a love affair with a soldier named Pantera. Because of your poverty, you worked as immigrate in Egypt, where you became acquainted with certain powers that the Egyptians are proud of. Then you are back, and first among these dark powers for these powers you proclaimed youself as God’s son. ”
(Celsus, True Thought, “The Jew”: Chapter I, 28)
Panther, Panther, Panthera or Pandera is originally a nickname of a supposed Roman soldier whose historical fame is attributed to the Greek philosopher Celsus, who attributed him the paternity of Jesus of Nazareth in his True Thought talk (II century), a sort of pamphlet/essay against Christians. This hypothesis was usually rejected in the course of history, not only because of the anti-Christian nature of the work, but also because of the lack of references and evidence provided by Celsus, who often takes information from indirect sources.
Through this relationship , regarded as a pure defamation, a neoplatonic author sought to restore the ancient Roman religion against the advancement of the Christianity in the Roman Empire, accusing the founder of this creed of uncertain births and of a wandering life not different from a brigand.
According to some criticism, the soldier Panthera (in the Talmud also called Stadha) is a name of several alleged legionaries, found in inscriptions in Palestine, where there might have been a legion of the same name (hence unreliable to be a true soldier) only a game of Greek words with the word parthenos (“virgin”).
However in 1859, during the construction of a railway in Bingen (Germany), nine Roman burials were discovered with their monuments and tombstones. The enrollment on one of them (CIL XIII 7514) was titled: Tiberius Giulio Abdes Pantera, auxiliary archer, born in Sidone (Fenicia, today Lebanon), who died at 62 in the 40th year, in a nearby legionary encampment .
The inscription reads precisely: Tib (erius) Iul (ius) Abdes Pantera / Sidonia ann (orum) LXII / stipen (diorum) XXXX miles exs (ignifer?) / Coh (orte) I sagittariorum / h ) and (st) (“Tiberio Giulio Abdes Pantera, born in Sidone, 62 years old, forty-year-old soldier of the first cohort of archers, lies here”).
James Tabor was the first author to launch a more scientific hypothesis of a real identification between the tomb of the soldier discovered in Germany and the Pantera soldier nominated by Celsus. According to this hypothesis, the names of Tiberius Julius are denominations adopted by someone who has acquired Roman citizenship through military service, for example, having served as a provincial foreigner (or even as a freedman) in a lower rank role, in the roman army for about 25 years.
Pantera was a Greek name, or rather a nickname, attested in the legionary environment, while the first two names would be in honor of Emperor Tiberius and his family, the Giulio-Claudii. The name Abdes (or Abdeus) is the Greek-Latin version of Ebed, which in Aramaic means instead “servant of God” and therefore Pantera may have been of Semitic-Jewish or Egyptian origin, or Phoenician, given its birth in Sidon. According to Tabor, Jesus would go to find the alleged father or his father’s family members in Phoenicia, and this would be mentioned in the Gospel of Mark:
Tabor claims that, being considered a semi-illegitimate son by the rabbis, Jesus could marry, according to Mosaic law, only a foreign woman, who in his opinion was Mary Magdalene; always according to the scholar, Mary was in fact of Phoenician origin, besides being pagan (Ephesian worship of Artemis in Galilee linked to the presence of sacred bees); he bases his hypothesis on Magdalene by translating and studying some apocrypha (Gospel of Thomas, Gospel of Mary Magdalene, Gospel of Philip, Gospel of Jesus’ Wife, Book of Joseph and Aseneth).
With regard to Panther, the archer served in fact during the reign of Tiberius, in Judea (at least 6 AD) and then in Bingen. On the basis of these dates, Tabor indicates a young Panther (almost contemporary of the mother of Jesus, unlike her older husband) in Judea on the time when Jesus could have been conceived between 10 and 3 BC when the military operations, against the local riots culminating ten years later in the revolt of Quirinio led by Judas of Gamala, carried by roman legions in Galilee, even in the vicinity of Nazareth. The subsequent suppression of these revolts led to collective crucifixions, in which writer José Saramago puts the death of the fist husband of Jesus mother.
Quid quid id est timeo Iudai et dona ferentes.
Only thing that mind to me are the Gods. Whoever this Jesus was, even the Son of the Almighty, he was a Jew among Jews. True, Jews persecuted and killed him, but his Judaic Religion ruined European Worlds, the Empire, the Ancient Gods.
I don’t like at all , Abraham’s Religions have been and are a handbrake of humankind progress and our mission in the Universe. These religions enchain men and women into a psychic maze , worshiping abstractions and artifacts that nothing mean to us except ignorance, superstitions, and evanescent mass effect of collective hysteria, nothingness and void without end.